Solar Utility

Schneider and Panasonic Solar Lamps (Offered by Vayam Renewable Limited)

Need for the Technology: About 1.3 billion people in the world do not have access to electricity; India is home to about 400 million of them, constituting the largest off-grid/un-electrified population in the world. Furthermore, the un-electrified households depend on kerosene for lighting purposes which pose significant health risks aside from being hazardous in nature. The government of India subsidizes kerosene, which is a burden on the government exchequer which can be used for other purposes. The government has ambitious plans to electrify the un-electrified but that would take considerable time to happen. Meanwhile, several households both electrified and un-electrified are becoming self-sufficient by installing renewable energy solar panels in their households that can provide reliable electricity.

Solution Offered by BASIX: Vayam Renewable Limited, a group company of the BASIX Social Enterprise Group (SEG) is involved in serving the underserved segments of the population of India by providing them low cost reliable energy solutions. Vayam’s focus has currently been in states that have low levels of electrification. Vayam is currently providing solar lamps made from reputed brands such as Panasonic and Schneider. It has entered into exclusive agreements with Schneider and Panasonic leveraging the vast network of BASIX to provide these low cost solutions. Vayam is not just responsible for distribution and marketing of the products but also will by providing key inputs for product development based on the feedback received from customers.

Several substandard products have entered the market to fill the demand – supply gap; through providing reliable well-known brands, we hope in building customer relations and faith in the product. Solar Lamps offered by Vayam have several innovative features such as mobile charging, water resistance and un-breakability which make the products stand apart from the usual substandard products in the marketplace. Vayam is planning on expanding it outreach to reach the remote villages with a range of solar products apart from solar lamps which include Solar Home Systems, Solar Water Pumps and Solar Heaters.

 
Charging Stations

Charging Stations for Lights and other Electrical Appliances

Need for the Technology: The current electrical situation in India is grossly inadequate and achieving total electrification is resource intensive in nature. Nearly 400 million do not have access to electricity . It has long been claimed that rural electrification greatly improves the quality of life. Lighting alone brings benefits such as increased study time and improved study environment for school children, extended hours for small businesses, and greater security.

Solution Offered by BASIX: Rural spark, an organization is involved in promoting the concept of smartly distributed energy networks. BASIX is collaborating with Rural Spark in the creation of smart grids across India. It is being done so through the provision of Energy Kits that has been developed by Rural Spark. These energy kits can be bought by villagers who can become local energy suppliers who generate, use and sell energy. Through trading energy surpluses with other local energy suppliers in the network, the supply and demand get linked.

The Energy kit provided by rural spark consists of an energy source, Rural Spark Station and Share Cubes. The Rural Spark Station is activated by entering an automatically generated code after payment. The spark station indicates when the local energy supplier runs out of balance, which will be restored once the supplier initiates a top-up. The energy is stored in Rural Spark Share Cubes that store energy that can be used to power applications. The Share Cubes enable the trade of energy between different entrepreneurs Villagers can join this initiative by becoming local energy suppliers who would earn money through supplying energy to their fellow villagers. The Rural Spark Station allows buying and selling energy frCharging2om rural spark network. Any surplus energy can then be sold to others for additional income and would increase efficiency and would make the network reliable by ensuring just the right amount of usage through buying and selling of energy.

Vayam Renewable Limited, a group company of BASIX, has been working with Rural Spark for over two years now. It has recently signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Rural Spark, detailing the commitment of locally producing and distributing 10,000 Rural Spark kits that aims to benefit more than 75,000 customers by the end of 2016. This initiative aims to bring clean energy to the remote areas and villages of India which are un-electrified. Additionally, Vayam Renewable plans on using Rural Sparks services and retail platform. Rural Spark and Vayam Renewable plan on utilizing the vast network that BASIX already has in place.

 
Solid Waste

BASIX Municipal Waste Ventures Limited

Need for the Technology: India is the second most populated nation in the world with a population greater than a billion people accounting for approximately 18% of the world’s population. Its urban population grew at a rate of 31.8% during the last decade to 377 million , which is greater than the entire population of the United States. In light of this increase in urban population, India is in desperate need for more services and resources to support the urban population. One of the most pressing problems related to urbanization is Solid Waste Management (SWM), proper waste management systems to address the burgeoning urban waste are absent. The current SWM techniques are highly inefficient, incur heavy expenditure and have failed to create a substantial impact. Improper SWM techniques that are sometimes employed in the country cause a lot of problems such as health risks and negatively impact the quality of life of citizens. Also the living and working conditions of the municipal workers are at dire need of intervention to provide them basic minimum livelihood options.

The per capita waste generation in India is about 0.5 kg/day in the year 2011. There has been an increase of 50% in waste generated by Indian cities since 2001. The total waste generated by urban India amounts to 188,500 tons per day or 68.8 million tons per year.

Solution Offered by BASIX: In order to fill in the huge demand and supply gap in this industry/sector, bmw1BASIX established BASIX Municipal Waste Ventures Limited (BMWV) which was a culmination of 4 years of work done by Indian Grameen Services (IGS), an affiliate of BASIX Group. The aim of the action research project was to establish an end to end waste management system working with multiple stake holders –households, waste pickers and Municipal Corporation.

BMWV is currently working in the cities of Indore, Bhopal, Gutumpura, Badnawar Sailana, Rajgarh, Namli and Maheswar, Raisen, Chitrakoot, Mundi, Sivani Malwa, Manpur and Sanavad Nagar Parishad of Madhya Pradesh. It has a presence in 14 municipal councils covering more than 100,000 households. It has trained over 60 personnel in solid waste management best practices.

BASIX Municipal Waste Ventures (BMWV) plans to introduce sustainable waste picker enterprises that will conduct doorstep garbage collection, segregation, and processing from households in tier II / III municipalities in Madhya Pradesh. BMWV will employ and train waste pickers to conduct this service. BMWV then processes the organic portions into compost for farmers and aggregates the recyclables that can be sold. The benefit is providing wabmw2ste pickers with two times of their existing income, making cities clean and healthy, and recycling raw materials to reduce industrial dependence on raw materials, while reducing pollution through diverting more than 80% of waste from dumping.

 
Recyclable Waste

Plastic Recycling Unit (Gatta Unit)

Need for the Technology: With the ever increasing usage of plastics around the world because of its cost effective nature, convenience, the need for carefully disposing these plastics has become a necessity. Many products that we buy today such as electrical products, food consumables are coming with a plastic casing. What’s worse is that plastic bags are used to carry virtually everything. With the developing countries increasingly having access to resources that can make plastics affordably and efficiently, the usage of plastics is projected to grow in the future.

While normal food products are biodegradable, plastics are not. It usually tends to stay in the atmosphere for greater than 1000 years on average. It is for this reason that recycling has become an important aspect for sustainable living. It is widely understood that only very little of the waste generation gets recycled on a regular basis. This gap between waste generation and recycling tends to get wider in the developing nation. In order to avoid the problem of environmental and health hazards occurring in the near future, there is an urgent need for segregating, and carefully recycling plastic waste.

Solution Offered by BASIX: BASIX has established a Gatta unit (Plastic Recycling Unit) in the city of Indore. The main premise for setting up a Gatta unit was that 80% of the rags collected were made of plastic, which could be recycled into Gatta with a better market and price. Indian Grameen Services (IGS), an affiliate of BASIX has been providing handholding support to Self Help Groups (SHGs) that have been involved with the plant. The process would be that the plastic bags/bottles collected by workers would be segregated as they were often found with other waste and then sent to the reprocessing unit where they were converted into blocks called Gatta. Two machines would be used in the unit, first the Fatka machine for cleaning the plastics and second, Gatta machine for making Gatta.

BMW3

The shops established by SHGs were major sources of waste material for a Gatta unit. IGS has developed market linkages with the other shops and agents in Indore from where they purchased the plastic (waste material) and sold the Gatta made by the unit. The unit recycled 251.7 tons of plastic in its first two years of operation.

IGS had also provided a soft loan of Rs. 150,000 to SHGs for Gatta unit without any interest, which was to be paid back in monthly instalments of Rs. 12,000. Any subsequent loans would be charged an interest. The production process of Gatta unit is given below.